Ties between Norway and India have deep historical roots. As early as the 1600s, a Danish-Norwegian trading station was established in Tranquebar (Tharangambadi), which today lies in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Norway’s first Consulates in India opened in Kolkata and Mumbai in 1845 and 1857, respectively. In 1952, the “India fund” was established” with the aim to provide development assistance with a focus on fisheries. The same year, Norway opened its Embassy in New Delhi.
In recent years, Norway has significantly strengthened its presence in India. The Consulate General in Mumbai re-opened its doors in 2015. It had been closed since the 1970s. It was joined by Innovation Norway, the Norwegian government’s official trade representative, which now has offices both in Mumbai and New Delhi. In 2019, Norwegian Prime Minister Erna Solberg inaugurated the newly constructed and energy-efficient Embassy complex in New Delhi.
India’s developments will have a significant impact on how successful the world is in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and global climate targets. Its geopolitical role, its large population, its long coastline and, not least its booming economy make India an increasingly influential regional and global player, and an important partner for Norway.
In December 2018, the Norwegian government launched a new ‘India Strategy’. The strategy sets clear priorities for the Norwegian government until 2030 and gives renewed impetus to develop our bilateral cooperation.
The India Strategy outlines five thematic priorities:
· Democracy and a rules-based world order
· The oceans
· Climate and Environment
· Research, higher education and global health
To achieve these objectives, Norway focuses on political contact and cooperation between the authorities, business cooperation, and research cooperation.