On 1 April, amendments to the Children Act and the Citizenship Act on parentage and citizenship for children born outside Norway came into force.
Under the amended legislation, it is no longer possible to apply for a declaration of paternity at one of Norway’s honorary consulates; the application for a declaration of paternity must be made to a Foreign Service officer posted to a diplomatic or consular mission. Under the amended legislation, diplomatic and consular missions may request that the man claiming paternity takes a DNA test before issuing a declaration. This will apply in cases where the mother, child or the man claiming paternity are unable to prove their identity. It will also apply in cases where there are grounds to believe that incorrect information about the father has been given in order to gain Norwegian citizenship for the child.
In addition, Norway’s jurisdiction in paternity cases is reduced somewhat under the amended legislation. Paternity cannot be established in Norway if the parties concerned have close ties to another country where they can apply for a declaration of paternity and where better information is available.
Under the amended legislation, the Norwegian Labour and Welfare Administration (NAV) is the appeal body in cases where paternity cannot be declared because a DNA test shows that the man claiming paternity cannot be the father, or in cases where the man claiming paternity refuses to take a DNA test. Appeals may also be sent to NAV in cases where the Norwegian authorities do not have jurisdiction because the parties have close ties to another country where they can apply for a declaration of paternity, and where better information is available and the case can be dealt more efficiently.