Study exchange between Norway and Tanzania has been extensive and several thousand Tanzanians, including some of the country’s decision makers, have their education from Norway. A large number of Norwegian institutions and organizations have a long history in Tanzania.
Today, Tanzania is one of 12 focus countries for Norwegian development assistance. Norway supports Tanzania's goal to become a middle-income country less dependent of aid. Norway ‘s priority sectors are particularly important for achieving this goal, and these are sectors where Norwegian expertise is in demand. The priority sectors are private sector development, renewable energy, petroleum management, increased revenue mobilization through improved fiscal and financial management, and environment and climate change.
Tanzania is also major beneficiary from multilateral assistance and global funds, including health, education and infrastructure, to which Norway is a major contributor. Tanzania is host to about 300,000 refugees from Burundi and the DRC, and is therefore also the recipient of Norwegian humanitarian aid.