One of the key findings in the report is the importance of access to clean cooking, which 970 million Africans lack access to. Liquified petroleum gas, which is the leading solution in many urban areas, is too expensive for many, resulting in the traditional use of biomass for cooking. The improvement rates needed for universal clean cooking access by 2030 are unprecedented, but the potential benefits are huge. Access to clean cooking can reduce premature deaths by over 500,000 people a year by 2030. It can also drastically cut the time spent gathering fuel and cooking, which can further allow millions of women to pursue education, employment, and civic involvement.
Other key elements of the report include:
- Africa is home to 60% of the best solar resources globally, yet only 1% of installed solar PV capacity.
- Africa’s industrialization relies in part on expanding natural gas use.
- Africa has a huge potential to produce hydrogen using its rich renewable resources.
- Major improvements are needed to make Africa’s energy systems more resilient against climate risks.
- Africa counts for less than 3% of the world’s energy-related CO2 emissions.
To reach the goal of universal access to modern energy in Africa, an investment of USD 25 billion per year is necessary, which only accounts for around 1% of global energy investment today.
Source: IEA. “Africa Energy Outlook 2022: World Energy Outlook Special Report”. International Energy Agency, Paris, France. June 2022. Africa Energy Outlook 2022 – Analysis - IEA