Norway is a maritime nation and has built up wide-ranging know-how on energy and marine resources. Norwegian experts have developed technology for sustainable development of natural resources. Our areas of expertise include renewable hydropower, fish and seafood, offshore oil and gas production, and fisheries and energy aid to developing countries.
Knowledge about the oceans and the resources they provide will continue to be vital for future generations. We must establish sound regimes for resource use so that the blue economy can grow sustainably. This means working towards high environmental standards that are enforced both nationally and internationally.
In 2017, the Government presented a new ocean strategy. It takes as a starting point Norway’s history as a maritime nation, and focuses on the sustainable use and development of the oceans.
- ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
- find solutions for meeting the world’s energy needs and share our knowledge and expertise
- ensure well-functioning international energy markets, global energy supplies and European energy security
- ensure effective implementation of the law of the sea and environmental legislation at both national and international level
- ensure that value creation in the blue economy is based on sustainable use of marine resources
Oil and gas 40 % of exports
The total export value of crude oil and natural gas in 2015 was around NOK 450 billion. This is approximately 40 % of the total value of Norway’s exports.
Oil for Development
Norway has long experience of managing petroleum resources in a way that promotes sustainable economic growth and Norwegian welfare. We are now sharing this experience with 12 other countries through the Oil for Development programme.
Major hydropower producer
Norway is the world’s sixth largest hydropower producer, and the largest in Europe.
- highlighting the importance of the oceans as a source of food and energy
- using our energy resources, seas and marine resources sustainably
- promoting the development of sustainable solutions for resource use
- promoting the development of expertise on sustainable and integrated marine management
- playing a leading role in the fight against marine litter and microplastics in the oceans
Huge areas of the oceans are still largely unexplored, and are likely to provide the world with minerals and other as yet undiscovered resources.
Researchers are concerned about the increasing amounts of plastic waste in the seas, and the consequences this will have for marine life.
36 million seafood meals a day
In 2015, Norway exported an average of 36 million seafood meals every day.
Norway and Tanzania partners in the energy sector
Norway has supported Tanzania in developing hydropower plants and distributing electricity to the population for many years. Capacity building and scholarship programs were key in this cooperation.
Norway remains being a partner to Tanzania in achieving their SDG 7 to ‘Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all’.
In the1980’s Norway supported Tanzania in developing their natural gas resources in the southern part of Tanzania, which led to the commercialisation of two land-based fields: Songo Songo (2004) and Mnasi Bay (2006). The gas is now contributing to more than 40% of the produced electricity in the Tanzania.
Since the more recent large offshore gas discoveries, Tanzania has become a partner in the Oil for Development (OfD) programme, aiming at ‘economically, environmentally and socially responsible management of petroleum resources which safeguards the needs of future generations in Tanzania’. Agreements can be found here (link to development cooperation).
Norway is currently the co-Chair of the Energy Development Partner’s Group (EDPG)