Norway takes over presidency of the Mine Ban Treaty

The Mine Ban Treaty is perhaps the most successful multilateral arms-related treaty inrecent times. It was adopted in Oslo on 18 September 1997 and signed by more than 100countries in Ottawa on 3 December the same year.

In 2019, it will be 20 years since the Mine Ban Treaty entered into force. The treaty has

established norms that are widely respected and adhered to by other states in addition to

the states parties themselves. The stigma attached to using banned weapons is very clear.


Since the treaty was adopted, 164 states parties have joined, 53 million stockpiled mines

have been destroyed, and vast areas have been successfully cleared and released to local

communities. This makes it possible for people to live free from fear, and for development

to take place. Each of these 53 million landmines represents a life or a limb saved.


Norway has been supporting mine action for 25 years and is one of the top five donors to

global mine action. We are currently funding mine action in 18 countries across the world, in

direct partnership with humanitarian NGOs.


The Norwegian Presidency

Norway took over the presidency of the Mine Ban Treaty at the end of the 17th Meeting

of States Parties in Geneva on 30 November 2018. Norway looks forward to welcoming

states parties, observers and civil society to the Fourth Review Conference in Oslo in

November 2019.


The Norwegian presidency will take as its point of departure the humanitarian aspect of the

treaty. It was the indiscriminate impact of landmines that provided the push for the Mine

Ban Treaty. This treaty is an important tool to ensure the protection of civilians both during

conflict and long after conflicts are over.


A mine free world

The goal of a mine free world by 2025, which was adopted during the third Review Conference

in Maputo, Mozambique, will underpin Norway’s efforts to inject new energy into global

mine action, although we recognise that our work will have to continue beyond that date.


The Oslo Action Plan to be adopted in November 2019 should provide the push to finish the

job in as many countries as possible. Far more experience, technological advances and vastly

improved methodologies are available to the mine action sector today than was the case

when the Mine Ban Treaty was adopted.


A mine-free world does not mean a world without landmine victims and survivors.

Survivors will continue to need access to services, education and employment in their



Widespread use of improvised landmines

In recent years, we have witnessed new and widespread use of improvised landmines and

improvised explosive devices. Many of these are produced and used as tools of war and

terror by non-state actors. Improvised explosive devices are not a new concept. What is new

is the scope and magnitude of the problem, and the sharp increase in the number of civilian

casualties and injuries.


Read more about the Mine Ban Treaty on