Most of Norway’s close allies and like-minded partners are European countries. We have a shared set of values. Together with other European countries, Norway takes responsibility for helping to resolve common challenges in and around our continent, for example by promoting growth and innovation, dealing with migration, addressing climate change and fighting terrorism.
At the same time, Norwegian security and welfare depend on European cooperation. Norway is involved in European cooperation through the European Economic Area (EEA) Agreement, the Schengen Agreement and Norway’s other agreements with the EU. We also cooperate closely with the EU on foreign and security policy issues.
- increased European competitiveness and growth
- enhanced security in Europe
- a comprehensive approach to migration
- an ambitious climate and energy policy
- higher quality research and education
European internal market
Norway is part of the European internal market, which is home to about half a billion people.
Norway is the second largest gas provider to the EU
Around 90 % of Norway’s oil and gas is sold to the EU market. Norway is the second largest gas provider to the EU. Nearly all Norwegian gas to Europe is delivered by pipeline.
Nearly 80 % of Norwegian exports go to the EU.
- providing input to the EU in connection with the development of policy and legislation in areas that are important for Norway
- coordinating our positions on, and responses to, foreign and security policy issues with the EU and EU member states, where our interests overlap
- ensuring that new common rules for the European Economic Area (EEA) and the Schengen Area become applicable in Norway as soon as possible after they are introduced in the EU
- contributing to the reduction of economic and social disparities in Europe through the EEA and Norway Grants
- further developing bilateral cooperation with other European countries
Researchers and companies from Norway and other European countries are engaged in cooperation under Horizon 2020, the world’s largest research and innovation programme.
Border operations in the Mediterranean
In 2016, more than 30 000 people were rescued at sea by Norwegian ships taking part in the EU’s border control operations in the Mediterranean.
Norway provides more than NOK 3.3 billion a year to the 15 least prosperous EU member states.