Promoting democracy and inclusive governance is one of the main areas of development cooperation in the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between Nepal and Norway. The governance cooperation concentrates on building democratic institutions, local governance, strengthening rule of law, effective public financial management and anti-corruption.
Norway is supporting the Election Commission of Nepal (ECN) through UNDP Electoral Support Project phase II (2013-2017). The overall objective of the support is that ECN has the capacity to conduct credible, inclusive and transparent elections at national, provincial and local level. As co-chair of International Development Partners’ Election Working Group in 2016/17, Norway is facilitating dialogue on election related analysis, and to provide effective and coordinated support for elections in Nepal.
Since 2008, Norway has contributed over NOK 140 million in support for promoting improved local governance for effective service delivery and citizen empowerment in Nepal. The nation-wide Local Governance and Community Development Program (LGCDP) is managed by Ministry of Federal Affairs and Local Development (MoFALD) and supported by several Development Partners. Norway is also providing support to technical assistance for implementation of the programme. The programme period for phase II expires in 2017, and a transition phase is foreseen in 2017/18 to bridge into a future sub-national governance programme adjusted to new context.
Public Finance Management and Anti-Corruption
Norway supports Strengthening of Public Financial Management (PFM) through the World Bank Multi-Donor Trust Fund for PFM in Nepal. The MDTF provides support to Nepal in implementation of the National Public Finance Management Strategy 2016/17-2025/26. The fund has been extended until 2022. Norway has since 2011 been supporting Transparency International Nepal in its work to promote integrity. The Embassy takes active part in the Anti-Corruption Working Group.
Rule of Law
Norway is supporting the justice sector and legal reform in Nepal in close cooperation with UNDP through the Strengthening Rule of Law and Human Rights Protection System in Nepal Program (RoLHR) in the period 2013-2017. The programme is led by Supreme Court, and involves Ministry of Law and Justice, Nepal Bar Association and Attorney General’s Office. The expected outcome is that vulnerable groups benefit from strengthened legal and policy frameworks and have improved access to security and rule of law institutions.