Energy and marine resources

The growing world population will need more and more food and energy. Sustainable use of marine resources will help to meet this demand.

Photo: Bjørn Luell/Statkraft

Norway is a maritime nation and has built up wide-ranging know-how on energy and marine resources. Norwegian experts have developed technology for sustainable development of natural resources. Our areas of expertise include renewable hydropower, fish and seafood, offshore oil and gas production, and fisheries and energy aid to developing countries. 

Knowledge about the oceans and the resources they provide will continue to be vital for future generations. We must establish sound regimes for resource use so that the blue economy can grow sustainably. This means working towards high environmental standards that are enforced both nationally and internationally.

In 2017, the Government presented a new ocean strategy. It takes as a starting point Norway’s history as a maritime nation, and focuses on the sustainable use and development of the oceans.


  • ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
  • find solutions for meeting the world’s energy needs and share our knowledge and expertise
  • ensure well-functioning international energy markets, global energy supplies and European energy security
  • ensure effective implementation of the law of the sea and environmental legislation at both national and international level
  • ensure that value creation in the blue economy is based on sustainable use of marine resources 

Oil and gas 40 % of exports

The total export value of crude oil and natural gas in 2015 was around NOK 450 billion. This is approximately 40 % of the total value of Norway’s exports.


Oil for Development

Norway has long experience of managing petroleum resources in a way that promotes sustainable economic growth and Norwegian welfare. We are now sharing this experience with 12 other countries through the Oil for Development programme.


Major hydropower producer

Norway is the world’s sixth largest hydropower producer, and the largest in Europe.


  • highlighting the importance of the oceans as a source of food and energy
  • using our energy resources, seas and marine resources sustainably
  • promoting the development of sustainable solutions for resource use
  • promoting the development of expertise on sustainable and integrated marine management
  • playing a leading role in the fight against marine litter and microplastics in the oceans 

Undiscovered resources

Huge areas of the oceans are still largely unexplored, and are likely to provide the world with minerals and other as yet undiscovered resources.


Plastic waste

Researchers are concerned about the increasing amounts of plastic waste in the seas, and the consequences this will have for marine life.


36 million seafood meals a day

In 2015, Norway exported an average of 36 million seafood meals every day.

Cooperation with Mozambique

Oil for development in Mozambique

Mozambique has become one of the most promising countries in Africa in terms of natural gas resources, placing the country as the third-largest holder of natural gas reserves on the African continent. Norway has provided petroleum-related support to Mozambique for more than thirty years, and our two countries have cooperated within the Oil for Development Programme since 2005.

In 2014, a new four-year programme agreement was signed between Norway and Mozambique. The programme encompasses four elements for holistic programming: Resources, Revenue, Environment and Safety. A new program phase is under planning for 2018-2022, ensuring a holistic Oil for Development program in Mozambique.

Other initiatives currently operating under the Oil for Development programme include support to civil society organizations (CSOs) on accountability and transparency.

Support to the electricity sector

Norway is one of the main contributors to the development of the energy sector in Mozambique. Norway has supported the development of transmission and distribution lines, feasibility studies, capacity building and power generation since 1977. Large parts of the transmission and distribution networks in the central and northern parts of the country were built with Norwegian support.

Norway has supported the national electricity company, EdM, in the preparation of large generation and transmission projects. CTRG and Gigawatt, two gas power projects supported by Norway, provide power to Mozambique, as well as export earnings though sales to neighbouring countries.

Norway is supporting the development of the first on-grid solar power project in Mocuba, Zambezia, of 40 MW, together with Scatec Solar, Norfund and EdM. We are proud to assist in the realization of this pioneering project.