The report draws out the current nutrition situation in the world, with some concerning numbers. Two billion people lack key micronutrients like iron and vitamin A, 155 million children are stunted, 52 million children are wasted, two billion adults are overweight or obese, 41 million children are overweight, and 88% of countries in the world face a serious burden of either two or three forms of malnutrition. These numbers indicate that there is still a lot of work that needs to be done before SDG 2.2 is achieved.
To be able to achieve SDG 2.2 it is important to look at the underlying causes of malnutrition. The report has mapped out five areas of work that are important to achieving SDG 2.2, but that also are connected to achieving the other SDGs. These five areas are (1) sustainable food production, (2) strong systems of infrastructure, (3) health systems, (4) equity and inclusion, and (5) peace and stability. Thus, improving nutrition will be a catalyst for achieving goals within all the SDGs. Commitments and collaboration are keys to achieve the goals, and we must make sure the commitments are concrete pledges that are acted on. More data is also needed, to make sure no one is left behind. There is lack of data that identifies who is left behind, with the biggest gaps in wealth, gender, geography, age and disability. To be able to build the dialogues, partnerships and actions that are needed to end malnutrition in all its forms, data needs to be collected and used. The full report can be found here.
As a part of the Decade of Action on Nutrition 2016-2025, Norway has launched an initiative to promote sustainable from the oceans and inland waters (including lakes, rivers and wetlands) for food security and nutrition. The network is open for all UN member states to join. The main activities revolve around organizing network meetings to share information and establish connections between experts in this field of work.