Extreme weather events are more common than before, sea levels are rising, and droughts and floods are more frequent. Air pollution alone claims 7 million lives a year. Climate change and environmental damage are destroying ecosystems, with negative repercussions for development, health and food production. Climate change is exacerbating humanitarian disasters, fuelling conflict, and making certain areas uninhabitable. It is crucial that all countries do their part to prevent further loss and damage associated with climate change impacts. This work can save lives and assets, and reduce the need for humanitarian aid when a disaster strikes.
The world’s rain forests make up one the largest global carbon sinks, provide livelihoods for millions of people, and are home to more than half the world’s known animal and plant species. Norway allocates a significant amount of funding to REDD+ (Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries).
The Paris Agreement came into force in November 2016. It is the first global agreement that commits all countries to setting more ambitious goals for reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Norway was among the first countries to ratify the agreement. The Paris Agreement gives reason to hope that the countries of the world can work together to prevent dangerous climate change.
- reduce harmful greenhouse gas emissions so as to limit the global increase in temperature to less than 2˚C with the further aim of limiting the increase in temperature to 1.5˚C
- enable vulnerable countries to adapt to climate change
- reduce the consequences of natural disasters, including those caused by climate change
- prevent deforestation, and thus reduce harmful greenhouse gas emissions
- promote economic development and food security
Since 2007, Norway has allocated up to NOK 3 billion a year of its aid budget to REDD+ (Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries).
Fossil fuel subsidy reform
Norway is a member of Friends of Fossil Fuel Subsidy Reform. Subsidy reform is important for cleaning up the air and freeing up public funds for development efforts.
- implementing the Paris Agreement, the UN Sustainable Development Goals and the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, all of which have been negotiated by UN member states
- reducing Norway’s greenhouse gas emissions by 40 % by 2030
- funding efforts to address climate change through the Green Climate Fund (GCF), the Global Environmental Facility (GEF), the World Bank, and other multilateral funds and partners
- leading the way in international efforts in the field of health and climate
- promoting the phasing out of fossil fuel subsidies
- supporting sustainable urban development and the development of renewable energy, with a view to promoting sustainable social development and economic growth
- contributing to sustainable management of marine resources
The energy sector accounts for more than 60 % of greenhouse gas emissions. Access to renewable energy is therefore crucial for sustainable development
Research vessel (RV) Dr Fridtjof Nansen
Norwegian researchers on RV Dr Fridtjof Nansen are taking part in the vital work of mapping marine litter on the seabed, particularly plastic litter, which causes serious environmental harm.
Cooperation with the EU
- The EU is Norway's closest partner in global climate policy. Norway and the EU have ratified the international Paris Agreement on climate change, and, like the EU, Norway has committed to a target of at least 40 percent reduction of greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 compared to 1990 levels.
- Norway has been a part of the EU Emission Trading System (EU-ETS) since 2008 through the EEA Agreement. About half of Norway's emissions are included in the EU ETS, making this a cornerstone in Norwegian climate policy.
- Norway intends to fullfil its 2030 climate commitment jointly with the EU and its member states. Norway would then also contribute to emission reductions in non-ETS sectors.
- Environmental cooperation is part of the EEA agreement, and almost all EU environmental legislation is implemented in Norwegian law. Topics covered include pollution control, water, air, chemicals, waste, environmental impact assessment and genetically modified organisms.
- Norway is not bound by EU legislation related to nature conservation, natural resource management, agriculture and fisheries, but the way they are regulated by the EU influences Norway indirectly.
- The volume of legislation and policies makes the EU a key factor in the development of Norwegian environmental policy. Norway works actively to ensure the best possible decisions on environmental issues within the EU.