International companies in cement industry and waste incineration presented their carbon capture projects in Brussels last week. A full chain carbon capture and storage project in Norway will capture CO2 from these industries and store it deep under the seabed in the Norwegian North Sea. In addition, three global energy companies collaborate on developing the infrastructure for transport and storage of CO2. The Norwegian Government is supporting the development of this full-chain CCS project. An investment decision is scheduled in 2020/2021.
By the end of November, the European Commission will present its long-term EU greenhouse gas emissions reduction strategy. Norway submitted a contribution to the public consultation on this strategy, addressing the importance of carbon capture and storage for attaining a net-zero emissions scenario in 2050.
1 million tonnes of CO2 captured annually
The technologies of capture, transport and storage are known, and there are decades of experience from different parts of the value chain. For more than 20 years, about 1 million tonnes of CO2 annually, amounting to at total of over 20 million tonnes CO2, have been captured and stored in saline aquifers under the seabed in the North Sea. The Sleipner and Snøhvit projects have demonstrated that CO2 storage is safe and doable: Extensive monitoring programs are in place and there is no indication of leakage.
CCS for emissions reduction
Within certain industries, like cement, CCS could be the solution to achieve deep emissions reduction. For other industries, like waste incineration or use of biomass, CCS can contribute to negative emissions. The recent special report from IPCC on 1,5 degree Celsius global warming reaffirms a need for implementation of carbon capture and storage CCS at a large scale globally in most scenarios.
CCS is a technical feasible option for most large emission point sources and presents a large emission reduction potential in the industry, hydrogen production and the power sector.
– CCS technologies have a potential for widespread application in European industry and can contribute to both preserving and creating new businesses and jobs, Director General, Norwegian Ministry of Petroleum and Energy, Bjørn Haugstad said.
The cement industry alone provides jobs for more than one million Europeans. European companies could potentially establish themselves as frontrunners and become market leaders with a widespread application of CCS technology.