The Multidoor Approach addresses commonly multi-edges natural resources/environment-related crimes by enacting various relevant regulations.
In the past, crimes related to natural resources/environment, especially the ones related to forests and peatland, are difficult to be addressed. In fact, the crimes are usually multi-dimensional and connected to other bigger crimes. Many research reveals close connection between forest-related crimes, especially illegal logging, to corruption and money laundering. Hence, seizing illegal loggers was capturing small actors but failed to capture the main (big) players and to address a complex network of the crime.
Six high ranking officials signed a multidoor technical guideline witnessed by the Minister of Forestry, the Minister of Finance, Head of PPATK, National Police Chief, Attorney General, and Head of UKP4/REDD+ Task Force.
As part of the Norway-Indonesia REDD+ agreement, Indonesian Government through the National REDD+ Task Force’s Legal Review working group, has developed a multidoor approach to minimize perpetrators’ opportunity to evade legal suit by enacting various relevant regulations. There are totally 43 cases that have been addressed using multidoor approach, 39 of which are on plantation, forestry, and mining companies. The cases in Central Kalimantan were addressed using combined forestry and plantation laws, while the ones in Aceh were addressed using combined plantation and environmental laws.
An important aspect of the multidoor approach is the so-called corporate criminal liability. “The corporate criminal liability here is important to enforce law more effectively given the fact that it could reach not only perpetrator in the field but also the functional mastermind (planning and decision maker). This could create stronger deterrent effect to the criminals,” said Kuntoro Mangkusubroto, the head of UKP4/REDD+ Task Force.
To prepare the implementation and to ensure an equal understanding across different organizations involved, the National REDD+ Task Force has also developed a multidoor technical guideline which consists of standard for handling legal case and capacity building curriculum for law enforcers.