Extreme weather events are more common than before, sea levels are rising, and droughts and floods are more frequent. Air pollution alone claims 7 million lives a year. Climate change and environmental damage are destroying ecosystems, with negative repercussions for development, health and food production. Climate change is exacerbating humanitarian disasters, fuelling conflict, and making certain areas uninhabitable. It is crucial that all countries do their part to prevent further loss and damage associated with climate change impacts. This work can save lives and assets, and reduce the need for humanitarian aid when a disaster strikes.
The world’s rain forests make up one the largest global carbon sinks, provide livelihoods for millions of people, and are home to more than half the world’s known animal and plant species. Norway allocates a significant amount of funding to REDD+ (Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries).
The Paris Agreement came into force in November 2016. It is the first global agreement that commits all countries to setting more ambitious goals for reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Norway was among the first countries to ratify the agreement. The Paris Agreement gives reason to hope that the countries of the world can work together to prevent dangerous climate change.
- reduce harmful greenhouse gas emissions so as to limit the global increase in temperature to less than 2˚C with the further aim of limiting the increase in temperature to 1.5˚C
- enable vulnerable countries to adapt to climate change
- reduce the consequences of natural disasters, including those caused by climate change
- prevent deforestation, and thus reduce harmful greenhouse gas emissions
- promote economic development and food security
Since 2007, Norway has allocated up to NOK 3 billion a year of its aid budget to REDD+ (Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries).
Fossil fuel subsidy reform
Norway is a member of Friends of Fossil Fuel Subsidy Reform. Subsidy reform is important for cleaning up the air and freeing up public funds for development efforts.
- implementing the Paris Agreement, the UN Sustainable Development Goals and the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, all of which have been negotiated by UN member states
- reducing Norway’s greenhouse gas emissions by 40 % by 2030
- funding efforts to address climate change through the Green Climate Fund (GCF), the Global Environmental Facility (GEF), the World Bank, and other multilateral funds and partners
- leading the way in international efforts in the field of health and climate
- promoting the phasing out of fossil fuel subsidies
- supporting sustainable urban development and the development of renewable energy, with a view to promoting sustainable social development and economic growth
- contributing to sustainable management of marine resources
The energy sector accounts for more than 60 % of greenhouse gas emissions. Access to renewable energy is therefore crucial for sustainable development
Research vessel (RV) Dr Fridtjof Nansen
Norwegian researchers on RV Dr Fridtjof Nansen are taking part in the vital work of mapping marine litter on the seabed, particularly plastic litter, which causes serious environmental harm.
India has shown its commitment to a sustainable future by having ratified the Paris Agreement at an early stage. A strong policy push for renewable energy, which includes the foundation of the International Solar Alliance, is just one example showing how India is following up these commitments. As the fastest-growing large economy in the world, the choices made today in India today will have decisive implications for climate and environment globally.