The study was presented at a webinar on “Behavioural Dimensions in Indian Power sector”, organized jointly by TERI and BSES Yamuna Power Ltd., a utility company recently. It found that information and market based instruments like awareness and soft financial incentives help in nudging consumer behaviour towards adoption of energy efficient practices. This energy saving is beneficial for both consumers and distributors and an important step towards achieving low carbon growth in the Indian economy.
India’s energy transition story is closely connected with several aspects of the power sector. With technological progress and policy thrust towards renewables, the competitiveness of different power generation options is rapidly changing and share of renewables in power supply is increasing. At the same time, demands of various consumer categories is changing – with not only the levels but also the patterns of demands changing over time.
TERI undertook a detailed end-use assessment of electricity demand across consumer categories and five grid regions in India. Disaggregated demand estimation was carried out through detailed primary surveys across residential and commercial sectors to track time-of-day use and seasonal variations in electricity consumption patterns across regions. Appliance-wise and consumer category-wise load curve was estimated to identify peak and off-peak demand variation.
Disaggregated demand information will provide useful inputs to planners and policy makers to better identify areas where interventions are required for effective demand management by integrating the disaggregated demand and regional variation in resource availability through modelling exercises.
The study was conducted with support from the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The Norwegian research institute, Institute for Energy Technologies (Institutt for energiteknikk) was the Norwegian partner in the study.