The think-tank Forum for Integrated National Security (FINS) in partnership with the Indian Ministry of External Affairs and Norway, has launched the SAGAR Discourse. A number of issues including maritime security, ocean trade, ocean resources management, marine environment and climate were discussed at the SAGAR conference this year.
Several Norwegian speakers shared their experiences in managing their ocean resources. In Norway, ecosystem based management plans safeguard the marine environment, and facilitate the co-existence of different industries, particularly the fisheries industry, maritime transport and petroleum industry.
The melting of sea ice in the Arctic will allow shipping in the footsteps of Fridtjof Nansen while simultaneously rising sea levels threatening to drown small islands in the Indian Ocean. Speaking on issues of marine environment and climate, Norwegian Ambassador to India, Mr. Nils Ragnar Kamsvåg, highlighted the melting Arctic sea ice. The effect of climate change is drawing the world’s attention to the Arctic region and its massive reservoirs of oil and gas and the possible new shipping routes. On the other hand, the melting of sea ice in the Arctic poses a serious threat to small island developing states such as the Maldives and Seychelles in the Indian Ocean.
Marine plastics in the oceans was also a topic at the conference. In order to combat the challenge of marine plastics the Norwegian government recently announced is launching a concerted effort to combat marine litter and microplastics and establishing a development programme in this field with a budget of NOK 150 million for 2018.