Energy from each drop of water


Most of India’s energy comes from fossil fuels. Time to take a deep dip into water.

On January 17, the Norwegian university of Science and technology (NTNU) through the research center HydroCen, signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with the Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee (IIT Roorkee). The agreement is an important contribution to develop more reliable and flexible renewable energy on the Indian subcontinent.

India is the world’s 7th largest producer of hydropower but only uses one third of its hydropower potential. Ambassador Kamsvåg emphasized in his introductory remarks that the Indian subcontinent’s hydropower potential of 230 GW may be better exploited by collaborating with HydroCen’s researchers and technology.

Norway is a world-leading country on hydropower technology with more than hundred years of research on the field. Hydropower covers 97 % of Norway’s and 13 % of India’s energy production. In India hydropower has been deprioritized over other sources of renewable energy, but now things are changing rapidly.

Most of India’s energy comes from fossil fuels. Exploiting the Indian subcontinent’s hydropower potential is an important contribution in a time of climate change. Hydropower is the most efficient and sustainable option to balance other intermittent energies like solar and wind power. The MoU between NTNU and IIT Roorkee aims to encourage development in this sector so that hydropower can replace fossil energy in the future.

The roundtable discussion, organized by The Royal Norwegian Embassy and Innovation Norway, was arranged to initiate as well as strengthen the collaboration of hydropower research and technology between Norwegian and South Asian stakeholders. The event also included contributions from NHPC Ltd, the Central Water Commission, and perspectives on hydropower challenges and opportunities from representatives of the Government of Bhutan and Kathmandu University, Nepal.

Read more about HydroCen’s research at