“The Indian refrigeration and air conditioning (RAC) companies have an opportunity to ‘leapfrog’ and phase down unsustainable technologies based on hydro fluoro carbons (HFCs) and move to a future, based on climate-friendly refrigerants and energy-efficient equipment designs,” said Ambassador Nils Ragnar Kamsvåg in his address.
During the event, the Ambassador Kamsvåg and the Joint Secretary, Indian Ministry of Environment, Forests & Climate Change, Ms Geeta Menon, also launched the report Acting on Many Fronts: Incentives and Regulations to Phase-down HFCs in India. The report was an outcome of a collaborative project between Council on Energy, Environment & Water (CEEW) and the Norwegian Environment Agency (NEA). The project was supported by the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
The RAC sector had adopted HFCs as alternative to ozone depleting gases. Later on, it was found that HFCs had an impact on further warming of the earth surface. The Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol in October 2016, therefore, called the countries to lower down consumption and production of HFCs.
In Norway HFCs are defined as harmful waste and its collection and safe destruction is obligatory. Since HFCs started to make an impact on Norwegian GHG emissions, Norway has had an active policy on limiting HFC emissions through i) reducing demand of these gases, ii) reducing leakages and iii) safe disposal of used gases. A tax and refund scheme is also being implemented for almost two decades. These measures have resulted in significant reduction in HFC emissions in Norway.
The event was attended by the Indian policy makers, RAC industry representatives, civil society organization, research institutions, alongwith the representatives from Norwegian Environment Agency, Norwegian Embassy, and the CEEW.
Video on the study: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gSXmXXJ4J6E