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100 years of Norwegian-Hungarian diplomatic relations

On 12 February 1920 the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs accepted the Hungarian diplomat György Barcza (residing in Copenhagen) as de facto envoy of Hungary to Norway. This date marks the start of Norwegian-Hungarian diplomatic relations.

In early January 1920 the Hungarian legation in Berlin approached the Norwegian legation with a request to acknowledge Mr. Barcza as envoy of Hungary, which then was accepted.

Later in 1920 there was considerable coordination between Denmark, Sweden and Norway on the question of formal recognition of Hungary as an independent state after World War I. Hungary signed the peace treaty at Trianon on 4 June 1920. The three Nordic countries originally wanted to await the Hungarian ratification of the peace treaty, but eventually recognised Hungary simultaneously on 12 November 1920. This was also meant as a sign of trust in Hungary as a new member of the world community. As part of this Hungary joined the League of Nations in 1922.

Relations between Norway and Hungary are of course much older than 100 years, with some links going back to the Middle Ages. In the 1800s relations were maintained through the dual monarchies’ (Sweden-Norway and Austria-Hungary) foreign and consular services. An independent Norwegian Consulate General was established in Budapest already in 1905, soon after the dissolution of the Union with Sweden and Norway’s own independence. Hungarian-Norwegian Endre Gregersen became honorary Consul General and served in this position until 1935.

The 100th anniversary of diplomatic relations will be marked in Budapest on several occasions in 2020, including a planned seminar among historians.

For documents and photos of the main official representatives involved from both sides, see the presentation.


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