The situation in our neighbouring areas and in Europe’s neighbourhood has become more difficult. The constellation of actors is now more complex, and conflicts are spreading across borders. International terrorism, organised crime and cyber threats are creating new challenges.
Our membership of NATO and our transatlantic ties are the cornerstone of Norwegian foreign and security policy. In addition, Norway is strengthening the European and Nordic dimension in its security policy by developing closer security policy cooperation with selected European allies.
The UN and the legal order that the UN plays such a key role in upholding are of crucial importance for Norway. Norway participates actively in the UN and wants to take its share of the responsibility. That is why Norway is seeking a seat on the UN Security Council for the period 2021-2022.
Engagement in peace and reconciliation efforts are a key part of Norwegian foreign policy. Norway works actively to find lasting political solutions to wars and conflicts by facilitating dialogue between parties to conflict and supporting other actors’ conflict resolution efforts.
Norway promotes balanced, mutual, irreversible and verifiable nuclear disarmament. This is in line with our values, interests and international obligations.
Norway also attaches importance to using development policy tools to address global security challenges.
- maintain our close transatlantic ties and further develop our long-term security policy cooperation with the US
- maintain and further develop the international legal order
- promote peace and reconciliation in areas affected by war and conflict
- achieve balanced, mutual, irreversible and verifiable disarmament
- prevent and combat radicalisation, violent extremism, organised crime, piracy, cybercrime and conflict
Women, peace and security
Norway is at the forefront of efforts to promote the inclusion of women in peace processes and to increase the proportion of women mediators. The Nordic Women Mediators (NWM) network was launched in 2015, and Norway is now working to establish a global alliance of regional networks of women mediators.
Aid to combat crime and terrorism
Norway has established a development programme to address global security challenges, which focuses on serious and organised crime and radicalisation, violent extremism and terrorism.
- participating actively in international cooperation in, and with, the UN, NATO, the OSCE, the Council of Europe and the EU
- helping to prevent, reduce and resolve conflicts through our engagement in peace and reconciliation work and our support to the UN
- taking part in international peace operations and coalition operations
- cooperating with our allies and in global partnerships to address transnational security challenges such as terrorism, organised crime and cybercrime
- seeking a seat on the UN Security Council for the period 2021-2022
Norway’s work as facilitator
Norway acted as facilitator in the negotiations that led to a peace agreement with the FARC-EP in Colombia in 2016. Norway is also official facilitator in the peace processes with the ELN guerrilla group in Colombia and the communist movement NDFP in the Philippines. In addition, Norway has facilitated discreet talks between parties that have not yet reached the negotiating table.
Participation in UN-led operations
Norway currently has a total of around 45 military personnel serving in three UN missions: MINUSMA in Mali, UNMISS in South Sudan and UNTSO in the Middle East. In addition, a total of around 30 Norwegian police officers are taking part in missions in South Sudan (UNMISS), Cyprus (UNFICYP), Haiti (MINUJUSTH) and Colombia (UNMC). Civilian advisers working for the UN mission in DR Congo (MONUSCO) and other civilian personnel employed directly by the UN come in addition to this.
Norway supports sub-regional cooperation on peace and security, on shore and off shore
The Kofi Annan International Peace Keeping Training Centre - KAIPTC
KAIPTC is a regional / ECOWAS training “centre of excellence” and has extensive expertise regarding peace and security issues in West Africa and the Sahel. Norway seeks to contribute to peace and security in Africa in cooperation with Ghana and with donor partners. Ghana is a major and highly regarded contributor to UN peace keeping operations. Norway’s support to the Kofi Annan International Peacekeeping Centre (KAIPTC) contributes to the development and training of capable and accountable military, civilian and police capacities from several African countries, to serve in AU, UN and other peace keeping operations in Africa and globally.
Maritime security and marine resource management
The Gulf of Guinea region is home to some of the biggest offshore and near shore oilfields in the world, with an oil reserve estimated at 24 billion barrels, or 4.5% of currently known world oil reserves, and an output of several million barrels a day. It is also a rich fishing ground for local communities and with a major potential for further development to the benefit of the coastal states and global protein production.
Over the past years, international and domestic shipping together with offshore installations in the Gulf of Guinea have experienced an increase in piracy and armed attacks against vessels, rigs and crews – sometimes with deadly outcomes. Simultaneously the coastal states, including Ghana, faces the challenges of illegal, unreported or unregulated fishing.
Ghana plays an importan role in the ECOWAS and regional set ups for maritime security and marine resource management.
Norway supports the AU agenda for a "Blue Economy" and the emerging marine and maritime architecture for security and development in the Gulf of Guinea region. Our aim is to contribute to a whole of government system for marine resource management and maritime security, which addresses the concerns of the coastal states and local communities as well as the security concerns of the shipping and offshore industries. Our cooperation with Ghana aims to support these goals.