In order to ensure welfare and security in Norway, as well as in other countries, we must strive to prevent, reduce and resolve conflicts. It is important to safeguard the international legal order and maintain binding international cooperation. Collective defence with our allies gives Norway security and freedom of action.
The UN and the legal order that the UN plays a key role in upholding are of crucial importance for Norway. At the same time, our membership of NATO and our transatlantic ties are a mainstay of Norwegian foreign and security policy. Our engagement in peace and reconciliation efforts is also important, and Norway is significant supporter of UN peace diplomacy. Mutual, balanced and verifiable disarmament is in line with Norway’s values and interests. Norway also attaches importance to using development policy tools to address global security challenges.
All this together provides a framework for stability and security at both national and international level.
- safeguard Norway’s security, sovereignty, territorial integrity and political freedom of action
- promote international peace, stability and conflict resolution
- promote resilience, respect for human rights and development in fragile states
- prevent and combat radicalisation, violent extremism, organised crime, piracy, cyber threats and conflict
- maintain and further develop the international legal order
- achieve mutual, balanced and verifiable disarmament
Military personnel serving with the UN
Norway currently has a total of around 45 military personnel serving in three UN missions: MINUSMA in Mali, UNMISS in South Sudan and UNTSO in the Middle East. In addition, a total of around 30 police officers are taking part in missions in South Sudan (UNMISS), Liberia (UNMIL), Haiti (MINUSTAH) and Colombia (UNMC).
Aid to combat crime and terrorism
In 2016, Norway established two new development programmes: one to support efforts to combat serious and organised crime and one to prevent and combat violent extremism and terrorism.
Women and mediation
The Association of African Women Mediators was established in 2013 with Norwegian support. Today, nearly 150 women participate in the network and have received training in mediation. Most of them are from South Africa.
- helping to prevent, reduce and resolve conflicts through our support to the UN and our engagement in peace and reconciliation work
- supporting the UN in its efforts to safeguard international peace and security
- taking our share of the international community’s responsibility in the UN Security Council, if we are elected as member for 2021-2022.
- taking active part in international cooperation in, and with, the UN, NATO, the OSCE, the EU and the Council of Europe
- taking part in international peace operations and coalition operations
- cooperating with our allies and others on addressing global security challenges such as terrorism, organised crime and cybercrime
- promoting stability through institution-building and development
- playing an active role in multilateral disarmament forums
- seeking to ensure that women’s and men’s rights are respected in all efforts to promote peace, stability and security
Women, peace and security
The active participation of women is essential to resolving conflicts and creating lasting peace. Norway supports the work of local, regional and international actors to further the women, peace and security agenda.
Peace and reconciliation in Colombia
Norway has been involved in peace and reconciliation efforts in Colombia for several decades. Together with Cuba, Norway has been official facilitator of the peace process with FARC-EP since 2012.
Norway supports sub-regional cooperation on peace and security, on shore and off shore
The Kofi Annan International Peace Keeping Training Centre - KAIPTC
KAIPTC is a regional / ECOWAS training “centre of excellence” and has extensive expertise regarding peace and security issues in West Africa and the Sahel. Norway seeks to contribute to peace and security in Africa in cooperation with Ghana and with donor partners. Ghana is a major and highly regarded contributor to UN peace keeping operations. Norway’s support to the Kofi Annan International Peacekeeping Centre (KAIPTC) contributes to the development and training of capable and accountable military, civilian and police capacities from several African countries, to serve in AU, UN and other peace keeping operations in Africa and globally.
Maritime security and marine resource management
The Gulf of Guinea region is home to some of the biggest offshore and near shore oilfields in the world, with an oil reserve estimated at 24 billion barrels, or 4.5% of currently known world oil reserves, and an output of several million barrels a day. It is also a rich fishing ground for local communities and with a major potential for further development to the benefit of the coastal states and global protein production.
Over the past years, international and domestic shipping together with offshore installations in the Gulf of Guinea have experienced an increase in piracy and armed attacks against vessels, rigs and crews – sometimes with deadly outcomes. Simultaneously the coastal states, including Ghana, faces the challenges of illegal, unreported or unregulated fishing.
Ghana plays an importan role in the ECOWAS and regional set ups for maritime security and marine resource management.
Norway supports the AU agenda for a "Blue Economy" and the emerging marine and maritime architecture for security and development in the Gulf of Guinea region. Our aim is to contribute to a whole of government system for marine resource management and maritime security, which addresses the concerns of the coastal states and local communities as well as the security concerns of the shipping and offshore industries. Our cooperation with Ghana aims to support these goals.