Multilateral support through the World Bank
Norway supports the Sustainable Land Management Program (SLMP) through the World Bank. The development objectives of the program includes reducing land degradation and improving land productivity in the highlands. Smallholder farmers in the highlands derive economic, social and environmental benefits particularly from agriculture and sustainable management of environmental resources. The program also supports rural land administration, certification and land use. This component increases resilience and ensures tenure rights to land holders, with a particular focus on land rights for women. In the aftermath of the 2016 El Niño drought, the resilience of communities engaged in SLMP practices proved better than communities outside of the intervention areas. Increased community resilience is important in order to reduce migration due to environmental degradation.
Bilateral agreement with the Government of Ethiopia
The Embassy facilitates the Institutional Cooperation between two universities in Ethiopia, Mekele and Hawassa, and Norwegian University of Life Science (NMBU). The agreement provides a substantial amount of support for the two universities to train university staff at PhD and MSc. level, conduct research in the area of climate smart agriculture, climate change adaptation in agriculture and rural development and establish various center of excellence in the area of Natural Resource Management and integration of gender and environment issues. The support is inline with the Paris Agreement and addresses several Sustainable Development Goals within education, gender equality and climate action.
Support to Norwegian NGOs
The Development Fund Norway and Norwegian Church Aid receives funds to implement climate smart agriculture and other sustainable land management practices. Their programs targets moisture stress areas of Ethiopia to increase the resilience of smallholder pastoralists, agro-pastoralists and farmers. By partnering with local organizations and building on local government structures, the initiatives contribute to reducing poverty levels and increasing food security.