Norway in the Democratic Republic of Congo
Norwegian missionaries have been presenting the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) since the 1920s. They have been involved in the construction and development of schools and health centers mostly in the Eastern and the Northern parts of the country. In the 1960s, Norway participated in the United Nations Operations in Congo (ONUC).
Norwegian development cooperation in the DRC evolves around climate change and efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, as well as assistance linked the ongoing conflict in eastern DRC. The latter includes humanitarian assistance, support to stabilization and the prevention of conflict, the protection of civilians and the promotion of human rights, with a particular focus on women and the fight against sexual based violence. Funding is primarily channeled through the United Nations, the World Bank and Norwegian Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs).
A key component of the cooperation between Norway and the DRC is the Central African Forest Initiative (CAFI), where Norway is one of the main donors. In April 2016, CAFI and the DRC signed a Letter of Intent, which includes the perspectives of financial support of up to USD 200 million for the period 2016-2020. The support for the implementation of the REDD+ Investment Plan in the DRC is coordinated by the national REDD+ fund. In August 2016, the Norwegian Minister of Climate and Environment Vidar Helgesen led a delegation to the DRC to discuss the partnership with the Congolese government.
Humanitarian assistance is mainly provided through Non-Governmental Organizations, such as the Norwegian Refugee Council, Norwegian People’s Aid and Norwegian Church Aid. It includes support to the promotion and contextualization of the Safe Schools declaration in the DRC, education initiatives in conflict zones, innovative mine clearing and a multi-sectoral response to victims of sexual violence.
Norway supports the implementation of the International Security and Stabilisation Strategy (ISSSS). This includes contributions to the Stabilisation Coherence Fund (SCF). Norway also support the largest peacekeeping operation in the world, the United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO), through assessed contributions and by seconding personnel through the Norwegian Resource Bank for Democracy and Human Rights NORDEM. In 2016, the assessed contributions amounted to NOK 80, 3 million.
In 2017, aid to the DRC amounted to NOK 216 million. About half of this was humanitarian assistance. In addition, NOK 300 million went to climate change and REDD+ through CAFI.
In the DRC, Norway is represented by the Royal Norwegian Embassy in Luanda through the Royal Norwegian Embassy Section in Kinshasa and the Honorary Norwegian Consulate General in Kinshasa. In addition to promoting Norwegian economic and political interests in the DRC through the Royal Norwegian Embassy Section, the Honorary Norwegian Consulate General in Kinshasa provides consular assistance to Norwegian citizens and provide service to foreigners who wish to visit or move to Norway.