In order to ensure welfare and security in Norway, as well as in other countries, we must strive to prevent, reduce and resolve conflicts. It is important to safeguard the international legal order and maintain binding international cooperation. Collective defence with our allies gives Norway security and freedom of action.
The UN and the legal order that the UN plays a key role in upholding are of crucial importance for Norway. At the same time, our membership of NATO and our transatlantic ties are a mainstay of Norwegian foreign and security policy. Our engagement in peace and reconciliation efforts is also important, and Norway is significant supporter of UN peace diplomacy. Mutual, balanced and verifiable disarmament is in line with Norway’s values and interests. Norway also attaches importance to using development policy tools to address global security challenges.
All this together provides a framework for stability and security at both national and international level.
- safeguard Norway’s security, sovereignty, territorial integrity and political freedom of action
- promote international peace, stability and conflict resolution
- promote resilience, respect for human rights and development in fragile states
- prevent and combat radicalisation, violent extremism, organised crime, piracy, cyber threats and conflict
- maintain and further develop the international legal order
- achieve mutual, balanced and verifiable disarmament
Military personnel serving with the UN
Norway currently has a total of around 45 military personnel serving in three UN missions: MINUSMA in Mali, UNMISS in South Sudan and UNTSO in the Middle East. In addition, a total of around 30 police officers are taking part in missions in South Sudan (UNMISS), Liberia (UNMIL), Haiti (MINUSTAH) and Colombia (UNMC).
Aid to combat crime and terrorism
In 2016, Norway established two new development programmes: one to support efforts to combat serious and organised crime and one to prevent and combat violent extremism and terrorism.
Women and mediation
The Association of African Women Mediators was established in 2013 with Norwegian support. Today, nearly 150 women participate in the network and have received training in mediation. Most of them are from South Africa.
- helping to prevent, reduce and resolve conflicts through our support to the UN and our engagement in peace and reconciliation work
- supporting the UN in its efforts to safeguard international peace and security
- taking our share of the international community’s responsibility in the UN Security Council, if we are elected as member for 2021-2022.
- taking active part in international cooperation in, and with, the UN, NATO, the OSCE, the EU and the Council of Europe
- taking part in international peace operations and coalition operations
- cooperating with our allies and others on addressing global security challenges such as terrorism, organised crime and cybercrime
- promoting stability through institution-building and development
- playing an active role in multilateral disarmament forums
- seeking to ensure that women’s and men’s rights are respected in all efforts to promote peace, stability and security
Women, peace and security
The active participation of women is essential to resolving conflicts and creating lasting peace. Norway supports the work of local, regional and international actors to further the women, peace and security agenda.
Peace and reconciliation in Colombia
Norway has been involved in peace and reconciliation efforts in Colombia for several decades. Together with Cuba, Norway has been official facilitator of the peace process with FARC-EP since 2012.
United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP)
UNFICYP is one of the longest-running UN Peacekeeping missions. It was set up in 1964 to prevent further fighting between the Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot communities on the island and bring about a return to normal conditions.
The Mission’s responsibilities expanded in 1974, following a coup d’etat by elements favouring union with Greece and a subsequent military intervention by Turkey, whose troops established control over the northern part of the island.
Since a de facto ceasefire in August 1974, UNFICYP has supervised the ceasefire lines; provided humanitarian assistance; and maintained a buffer zone between the Turkish and Turkish Cypriot forces in the north and the Greek Cypriot forces in the south.
Attempts to solve the Cyprus conflict and reunify the island have so far been without result, although relations between north and south have improved over the years. In 2014, Espen Barth Eide was appointed UN Secretary General’s Special Adviser for Cyprus.
Major General Kristin Lund was the Force Commander of the UNFICYP from August 2014 until July 2016. This was Norway’s first contribution to the peacekeeping force and the Major General was the UN’s first female force commander.
The Peace Research Institute of Oslo (PRIO)
Since its inception in 2005, the PRIO Cyprus Centre (PCC) has functioned as an independent, bi-communal research centre. The Centre is committed to research and dialogue. Its aim is to contribute to an informed public debate on key issues relevant to an eventual settlement of the Cyprus problem. Its ambition is to achieve this through the establishment and dissemination of information and by offering new analysis, and through facilitating dialogue. The researchers attached to the Centre are both Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots as well as individuals of other nationalities.