Climate risks cannot be considered in isolation; they cross mandates and pillars, interlinked with inequality, human rights and gender, and compound existing problems. In order to achieve sustainable peace and development, conflict prevention and peacebuilding initiatives must be “climate proofed”, and development and climate change activities need to become more conflict-sensitive. Collaboration across the UN’s pillars should be increased, and ownership of the climate and security agenda should be firmly anchored with both Resident Coordinators and UN Mission heads.
If elected to the Security Council, Norway will strive to ensure that:
- the UN system collaborates with relevant actors to jointly develop sound climate risk analyses and forecasts, including multi-hazard Early Warning and Response Systems, with clear recommendations for action. We should build on existing mechanisms, such as the Climate Security Mechanism. Norway has provided about USD 1 million in support to the mechanism for 2019-21.
- our understanding of climate risks, including level of exposure, the vulnerability and capacity of states and societies, and the interlinkages with displacement, inequality, gender and human rights, are improved, enabling us to act quickly and effectively.
- climate risk is assessed as part of conflict prevention agenda. Member States, the Secretariat, the Security Council, and the leadership of UN missions and operations must factor in climate risks, and their peace and security impacts, in all conflict prevention and peacebuilding activities. The advisory role of the Peacebuilding Commission on climate risks should be enhanced.
- climate and security issues are included in country reporting and briefings to the General Assembly, Security Council, Ecosoc, including sharing of best practices.
- support to, and cooperation with, regional and sub-regional organizations, such as the African Union, are strengthened.
- support to adaptation to climate change is increased, in particular in fragile and conflict-affected states. Integrated responses to crisis and conflict, guided by human rights norms and principles, can break the cycle of short-term response and shift to long-term resilience. Women, civil society, youth and indigenous peoples are crucial change agents in this work.
Norway supports the call for a biennial forward-looking report of the Secretary General on climate related security risks and the call to appoint an SRSG on climate and security.